Treceți la conținutul principal

International women.s day

International Women's Day (8 March) is an occasion marked by women's groups around the world. This date is also commemorated at the United Nations and is designated in many countries as a national holiday. When women on all continents, often divided by national boundaries and by ethnic, linguistic, cultural, economic and political differences, come together to celebrate their Day, they can look back to a tradition that represents at least nine decades of struggle for equality, justice, peace and development.

International Women's Day is the story of ordinary women as makers of history; it is rooted in the centuries-old struggle of women to participate in society on an equal footing with men. In ancient Greece, Lysistrata initiated a sexual strike against men in order to end war; during the French Revolution, Parisian women calling for "liberty, equality, fraternity" marched on Versailles to demand women's suffrage.

The idea of an International Women's Day first arose at the turn of the century, which in the industrialized world was a period of expansion and turbulence, booming population growth and radical ideologies. Following is a brief chronology of the most important events:

1909
In accordance with a declaration by the Socialist Party of America, the first National Woman's Day was observed across the United States on 28 February. Women continued to celebrate it on the last Sunday of that month through 1913.

1910
The Socialist International, meeting in Copenhagen, established a Women's Day, international in character, to honour the movement for women's rights and to assist in achieving universal suffrage for women. The proposal was greeted with unanimous approval by the conference of over 100 women from 17 countries, which included the first three women elected to the Finnish parliament. No fixed date was selected for the observance.

1911
As a result of the decision taken at Copenhagen the previous year, International Women's Day was marked for the first time (19 March) in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland, where more than one million women and men attended rallies. In addition to the right to vote and to hold public office, they demanded the right to work, to vocational training and to an end to discrimination on the job.

Less than a week later, on 25 March, the tragic Triangle Fire in New York City took the lives of more than 140 working girls, most of them Italian and Jewish immigrants. This event had a significant impact on labour legislation in the United States, and the working conditions leading up to the disaster were invoked during subsequent observances of International Women's Day.

1913-1914
As part of the peace movement brewing on the eve of World War I, Russian women observed their first International Women's Day on the last Sunday in February 1913. Elsewhere in Europe, on or around 8 March of the following year, women held rallies either to protest the war or to express solidarity with their sisters.

1917
With 2 million Russian soldiers dead in the war, Russian women again chose the last Sunday in February to strike for "bread and peace". Political leaders opposed the timing of the strike, but the women went on anyway. The rest is history: Four days later the Czar was forced to abdicate and the provisional Government granted women the right to vote. That historic Sunday fell on 23 February on the Julian calendar then in use in Russia, but on 8 March on the Gregorian calendar in use elsewhere.

Since those early years, International Women's Day has assumed a new global dimension for women in developed and developing countries alike. The growing international women's movement, which has been strengthened by four global United Nations women's conferences, has helped make the commemoration a rallying point for coordinated efforts to demand women's rights and participation in the political and economic process. Increasingly, International Women's Day is a time to reflect on progress made, to call for change and to celebrate acts of courage and determination by ordinary women who have played an extraordinary role in the history of women's rights.

More on : http://www.un.org/ecosocdev/geninfo/women/womday97.htm

Comentarii

Postări populare de pe acest blog

Despre tine, iubitule!

Azi nu e despre tine, iubitule. Despre tine sunt toate secundele. Azi nu este despre iubire sau pace pentru că acestea 2 sunt rivale de la începuturile pământului. De fapt, despre ele nu va fi nicicând. Vrei să înlocuim celebrul ”lasă-mă în pace” cu plictisitorul și absurdul ”iubește-mă în pace”? Nu! Eu vreau să nu mă iubești în pace, eu vreau să mă sfâșii așa cum sfâșii eu parfumul de pe hainele tale. Vreau să mă mistui așa cum focul din grădina vecinilor mistuie copacii și iarba, adică viața. Și știi de ce? Pentru că a iubi este departe de a da viață, e o armă nucleară care o amenință.

Vezi tu, azi am spus că nu e despre tine, iubitule, dar e! E despre tot ce nu mai poți să faci pentru că  ești departe. Și mai e despre tot ce poți să faci fiind departe: înalță-te, iubește, zboară! Ai încredere!

Despre asumare și tainele ei

Tinere...mă faci să râd. Și nu că anii nu mi-ar permite, dar într-un oarecare fel am...alte priorități. Nu! Departe de mine a te face să crezi că tu n-ai fi una dintre ele căci, știm prea bine că ești creația Mea cea mai înaltă, însă, vezi tu, dacă ar fi să ascult tot ce-ți înflorește mintea, aș fi nevoit să deschid o piață de flori cât tot Universul. Ah, nu mă înțelege greșit...AUD TOT CE SPUI, doar că nu dau importanță. Știi...exact ca părinții care primesc remarci răutăcioase de la copiii lor, dar aleg să râdă de îndrăzneala lor.

A te ridica împotriva Mea, e cea mai bună dovadă că Mă simți! A Mă nega, e cea mai clară dovadă că te-am rănit...și-Mi pare rău...căci, nu ai înțeles de fapt lecția pe care încercam să ți-o ofer.

Da, ai Liber Arbitru. Da, ești capabil de cel mai strălucit bine  și cel mai dezastruos rău. Da, dragul Meu, ești făcut după chipul și asemănarea Mea, fapt ce te ridică la rangul de Dumnezeu, dar...ți-ai asumat vreodată asta? Așa...pe deplin? Cu responsabilitate,…

Arta visatului

Șșșș...închide ochii și ascultă cum inima vorbește mută.
A obosit să irosească suflarea preadumnezeiască,
A nefireștii  reîntoarceri.
Credeai că dacă vei iubi, chiar grabnic te vei mântui
De o povară ireală?
Fetițo, hai, dansează goală!
Și-n dansul tău legat de stele îți vei găsi vise de iele
Ce marea toată-ți vor descrie
Prin lunga țesătură-n ie
Ce-și are magica ei vrie.
Închide ochii când dansezi, când țeși, când zbori, nu când visezi!
Căci când visezi totu-i real.